The Transcendentalists and Their World

The Transcendentalists and Their World

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  • Author: Robert A. Gross
  • Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
  • ISBN: 0374711887
  • Category : History
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 864

One of The Wall Street Journal's 10 best books of 2021 One of Air Mail's 10 best books of 2021 In the year of the nation’s bicentennial, Robert A. Gross published The Minutemen and Their World, a paradigm-shaping study of Concord, Massachusetts, during the American Revolution. It won the prestigious Bancroft Prize and became a perennial bestseller. Forty years later, in this highly anticipated work, Gross returns to Concord and explores the meaning of an equally crucial moment in the American story: the rise of Transcendentalism. The Transcendentalists and Their World offers a fresh view of the thinkers whose outsize impact on philosophy and literature would spread from tiny Concord to all corners of the earth. Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, Nathaniel Hawthorne, and the Alcotts called this New England town home, and Thoreau drew on its life extensively in his classic Walden. But Concord from the 1820s through the 1840s was no pastoral place fit for poets and philosophers. The Transcendentalists and their neighbors lived through a transformative epoch of American life. A place of two thousand–plus souls in the antebellum era, Concord was a community in ferment, whose small, ordered society founded by Puritans and defended by Minutemen was dramatically unsettled through the expansive forces of capitalism and democracy and tightly integrated into the wider world. These changes challenged a world of inherited institutions and involuntary associations with a new premium on autonomy and choice. They exposed people to cosmopolitan currents of thought and endowed them with unparalleled opportunities. They fostered uncertainties, raised new hopes, stirred dreams of perfection, and created an audience for new ideas of individual freedom and democratic equality deeply resonant today. The Transcendentalists and Their World is both an intimate journey into the life of a community and a searching cultural study of major American writers as they plumbed the depths of the universe for spiritual truths and surveyed the rapidly changing contours of their own neighborhoods. It shows us familiar figures in American literature alongside their neighbors at every level of the social order, and it reveals how this common life in Concord entered powerfully into their works. No American community of the nineteenth century has been recovered so richly and with so acute an awareness of its place in the larger American story.


The Minutemen and Their World

The Minutemen and Their World

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  • Author: Robert A. Gross
  • Publisher: Hill and Wang
  • ISBN: 9780374706395
  • Category : History
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 280

Winner of the Bancroft Prize The Minutemen and Their World, first published in 1976, is reissued now in a twenty-fifth anniversary edition with a new Foreword by Alan Taylor and a new Afterword by the author. On April 19, 1775, the American Revolution began at the Old North Bridge in Concord, Massachusetts. The "shot heard round the world" catapulted this sleepy New England town into the midst of revolutionary fervor, and Concord went on to become the intellectual capital of the new republic. The town--future home to Emerson, Thoreau, and Hawthorne--soon came to symbolize devotion to liberty, intellectual freedom, and the stubborn integrity of rural life. In The Minutemen and Their World, Robert Gross has written a remarkably subtle and detailed reconstruction of the lives and community of this special place, and a compelling interpretation of the American Revolution as a social movement.


Concord in Massachusetts, Discord in the World

Concord in Massachusetts, Discord in the World

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  • Author: Jannika Bock
  • Publisher: Peter Lang
  • ISBN: 9783631584132
  • Category : Literary Criticism
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 273

«Reading Thoreau's Journal, I discover any idea I've ever had worth its salt, » notes the American composer John Cage in 1968. Upon reading the words of nineteenth-century nature philosopher Henry Thoreau, Cage is immediately fascinated with the Transcendentalist's ideas, in particular his views on music and silence. Recognizing his own beliefs in Thoreau's writings, Cage began to rely heavily on the thoughts of the nineteenth-century man and implement them as the basis for his own compositions - both musical and written. Drawing on the complete oeuvres of Cage's and Thoreau's written works, this book surveys the intertextual relation between the writings of the two men. In the juxtaposition of these authors' aesthetics, this book reveals surprising overlaps in the thoughts of Cage and Thoreau.


The Transcendentalists and Their World

The Transcendentalists and Their World

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  • Author: Robert A. Gross
  • Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
  • ISBN: 9780374279325
  • Category : History
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 560


American Transcendentalism

American Transcendentalism

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  • Author: Philip F. Gura
  • Publisher: Hill and Wang
  • ISBN: 9781429922883
  • Category : History
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 384

The First Comprehensive History of Transcendentalism American Transcendentalism is a comprehensive narrative history of America's first group of public intellectuals, the men and women who defined American literature and indelibly marked American reform in the decades before and following the America Civil War. Philip F. Gura masterfully traces their intellectual genealogy to transatlantic religious and philosophical ideas, illustrating how these informed the fierce local theological debates that, so often first in Massachusetts and eventually throughout America, gave rise to practical, personal, and quixotic attempts to improve, even perfect the world. The transcendentalists would painfully bifurcate over what could be attained and how, one half epitomized by Ralph Waldo Emerson and stressing self-reliant individualism, the other by Orestes Brownson, George Ripley, and Theodore Parker, emphasizing commitment to the larger social good. By the 1850s, the uniquely American problem of slavery dissolved differences as transcendentalists turned ever more exclusively to abolition. Along with their early inheritance from European Romanticism, America's transcendentalists abandoned their interest in general humanitarian reform. By war's end, transcendentalism had become identified exclusively with Emersonian self-reliance, congruent with the national ethos of political liberalism and market capitalism.


The Second Great Awakening and the Transcendentalists

The Second Great Awakening and the Transcendentalists

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  • Author: Barry Hankins
  • Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
  • ISBN: 9780313318481
  • Category : History
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 200

Looks at the Second Great Awakening and Transcendentalism and the roles these spiritual revolutions had on the racial, social, and gender issues of the time.


The Transformation of American Religion

The Transformation of American Religion

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  • Author: Amanda Porterfield
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190284978
  • Category : Social Science
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 272

As recently as a few decades ago, most people would have described America as a predominantly Protestant nation. Today, we are home to a colorful mix of religious faiths and practices, from a resurgent Catholic Church and a rapidly growing Islam to all forms of Buddhism and many other non-Christian religions. How did this startling transformation take place? A great many factors contributed to this transformation, writes Amanda Porterfield in this engaging look at religion in contemporary America. Religious activism, disillusionment with American culture stemming from the Vietnam war, the influx of Buddhist ideas, a heightened consciousness of gender, and the vastly broadened awareness of non-Christian religions arising from the growth of religious studies programs--all have served to undermine Protestant hegemony in the United States. But the single most important factor, says Porterfield, was the very success of Protestant ways of thinking: emphasis on the individual's relationship with God, tension between spiritual life and religious institutions, egalitarian ideas about spiritual life, and belief in the practical benefits of spirituality. Distrust of religious institutions, for instance, helped fuel a religious counterculture--the tendency to define spiritual truth against the dangers or inadequacies of the surrounding culture--and Protestantism's pragmatic view of spirituality played into the tendency to see the main function of religion as therapeutic. For anyone interested in how and why the American religious landscape has been so dramatically altered in the last forty years, The Transformation of Religion in America offers a coherent and persuasive analysis.


An Emerson Chronology

An Emerson Chronology

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  • Author: Albert J. Von Frank
  • Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
  • ISBN: 9781514125779
  • Category :
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 614

The first edition of An Emerson Chronology appeared in 1994. The long-awaited, thoroughly revised, much-expanded second edition of this indispensable reference work runs to more than 1100 pages, comprising two volumes. This is the first volume of the two-volume edition. Praise for An Emerson Chronology: "This new, expanded edition of the Emerson Chronology is the best thing to happen in Emerson studies since the completion of the Collected Works. An invaluable tool for all Emerson scholars, this authoritative resource serves as a concise, detailed, and easily accessible blueprint for the life of one of America's greatest writers. No nineteenth-century collection should be without it." - Len Gougeon, Distinguished Professor of American Literature, University of Scranton, author of Virtue's Hero: Emerson, Antislavery, and Reform "The Emerson Chronology provides an invaluable detailed account of Emerson's publishing career, his travels and lecturing, his relations with family and famous contemporaries, his reading, health-history, home-life, and friendships. In so doing, it recreates the architecture of Emerson's life so that we may clothe it with whatever Emerson is 'ours.' Revised and nearly doubled in size from the 1994 edition, this is a model of the type and an essential work for anyone studying Emerson and his period." - Joel Myerson, Carolina Distinguished Professor of American Literature, Emeritus, University of South Carolina. "An Emerson Chronology has long been an indispensable aid to every serious scholar of the Concord Sage. Now, in this expanded edition, Albert von Frank enriches our appreciation of Emerson's works and days with a wider view of his social circle in Concord, Boston, and beyond, with pertinent extracts from letters and journals about the leading events of the times, with comments by friends and critics about his essays and lectures, and with the stuff of life that transforms a chronology into a subtle and dense biography. Bank notes and books, sick children, desperate friends, prating politicians, inspiring prophets, people everywhere in search of guidance and meaning, and ideas bursting from the page: these 'herbs and apples' of Emerson's days come before us to savor and ponder, each one a diadem. This is a volume with new insights and connections to be discovered with every reading. We are all in von Frank's debt." - Robert A. Gross, Professor of History Emeritus, University of Connecticut, author of The Minutemen and Their World and of the forthcoming Transcendentalists and Their World


The Oxford Handbook of Transcendentalism

The Oxford Handbook of Transcendentalism

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  • Author: Joel Myerson
  • Publisher: OUP USA
  • ISBN: 0195331036
  • Category : Architecture
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 755

"This volume includes fifty original essays from a group of renowned scholars as well as a compact chronology and specialized bibliographies. It offers a rich, authoritative, interdisciplinary account, providing scholars with the definitive resource on this seminal movement in American culture."--The dust jacket.


Early Feminist Pioneers, Their Lives, and Their Reform Efforts

Early Feminist Pioneers, Their Lives, and Their Reform Efforts

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  • Author: Satish Sharma
  • Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • ISBN: 1527564142
  • Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 315

Early feminist pioneers contributed much to the functioning and reform of society, including making women’s status and privileges equal to those of men. However, we still do not know enough about their efforts, strategies, sacrifices, and attainments. As such, through a focus on the lives and contributions of eight early female pioneers of England and America from the seventeenth century to the early twentieth century, this book helps to fill this gap. Among these women were religious and educational reformers, political activists, social advocates, abolitionists, feminists, community organizers, pacifists, internationalists, and historians. These women noticed many injustices done to their kind by men and society over the centuries and took brave actions at great personal costs to provide remedies. Their respective backgrounds and interests were different, but all of them desired more protection and the welfare of vulnerable populations nationally and internationally. This book will be of interest to scholars and students in many fields, and can also be adopted as a textbook in colleges and universities.