Nature and Nurture

Nature and Nurture

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  • Author: Cynthia Garcia Coll
  • Publisher: Psychology Press
  • ISBN: 1135628963
  • Category : Psychology
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 278

What does it mean to find a gene or set of genes that are associated with ADHD, schizophrenia, or autism? Could we eradicate such diseases from our species through gene therapy? Is it possible to eradicate from our genome the genetic material that predisposes us to be too aggressive, too shy, less intelligent, or not active enough? Who has the political power and/or moral authority to make these decisions? The premise of Nature and Nurture is that the complexity of the transactions between nature and nurture--between genes and the environment from the cellular to the cultural level--make these questions incredibly complex and in need of careful attention by educators, scientists, the public, and policymakers. A product of the conference held at Brown University in 2001, this book suggests that genes and environments work together interactively in a complex and closely intertwined fashion. The contributors to this book--biologists, psychologists, psychiatrists, and economists--present knowledge that enables research and application to transcend the traditional question of whatever variance or significance is attributed to genetics versus environment in the development of a particular behavioral trait. This book presents a variety of views on the current status of knowledge about the ways in which dynamic, developmental, mutually interactive systems in the genetic and environmental domains operate. The chapters represent contributions from different perspectives.


Gender, Nature, and Nurture

Gender, Nature, and Nurture

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  • Author: Richard A. Lippa
  • Publisher: Psychology Press
  • ISBN: 1135657467
  • Category : Psychology
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 312

Written by one of the foremost authorities in the field, this engaging text presents the latest scientific findings on gender differences, similarities, and variations--in sexuality, cognitive abilities, occupational preferences, personality, and social behaviors, such as aggression. The impact of nature and nurture on gender is examined from the perspectives of genetics, molecular biology, evolutionary theory, neuroanatomy, anthropology, sociology, and psychology. The result is a balanced, fair-minded synthesis of diverse points of view. Dr. Lippa's text sympathetically summarizes each side of the nature-nurture debate, and in a witty imagined conversation between a personified "nature" and "nurture," he identifies weaknesses in the arguments offered by both sides. His kaleidoscopic review defines gender, summarizes research on gender differences, examines the nature of masculinity and femininity, describes theories of gender, and presents a "cascade model," which argues that nature and nurture constitute the inseparable threads that weave together to form the complex tapestry known as gender. Gender, Nature, and Nurture applies the nature-nurture debate to such topical public policy questions as: *Should girls and boys be reared alike? *Should schools treat girls and boys alike, and is same-sex education beneficial or harmful to children? *Should mothers be granted custody of young children more often than fathers? *Is sexual violence a uniquely male problem that stems, in part, from biological roots? *Should corporations treat male and female employees differently? *Why is there a "gender gap" in political attitudes, and how can society encourage greater gender equity in leadership positions? *Should women and men serve equally in the military? This lively "primer" of gender research is an ideal book for courses on gender studies, the psychology of women or of men, and gender roles. Its wealth of up-to-date scientific information stimulates the professional reader; its accessible style captivates the student reader; and its forthright examination of the relation between scientific debate and public policy fascinates the general reader.


The Nature-Nurture Debates

The Nature-Nurture Debates

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  • Author: Dale Goldhaber
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139536001
  • Category : Psychology
  • Languages : en
  • Pages :

How is it possible that in more than one hundred years, the nature-nurture debate has not come to a satisfactory resolution? The problem, Dale Goldhaber argues, lies not with the proposed answers, but with the question itself. In The Nature-Nurture Debate, Goldhaber reviews the four major perspectives on the issue - behavior genetics, environment, evolutionary psychology and developmental systems theory - and shows that the classic, reductionist strategies (behavior genetics and environmental approaches) are incapable of resolving the issue because they each offer a false perspective on the process of human development. It is only through a synthesis of the two holistic perspectives of evolutionary psychology and developmental systems theory that we will be able to understand the nature of human behavior.


Synthesizing Nature-nurture

Synthesizing Nature-nurture

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  • Author: Gilbert Gottlieb
  • Publisher: Psychology Press
  • ISBN: 131777857X
  • Category : Psychology
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 200

This volume provides a primarily nontechnical summary of experimental and theoretical work conducted over the course of 35 years which resulted in a developmental framework capable of integrating causal influences at the genetic, neural, behavioral, and ecological levels of analysis. It describes novel solutions to the nature-nurture problem at both the empirical and theoretical levels. Following field observations, laboratory experiments led to the discovery of the nonobvious prenatal experiential basis of instinctive behavior in two species--ground-nesting mallard ducklings and hole-nesting wood ducklings. This work also describes the experiences that lead to the rigid canalization of behavioral development as well as the social and sensory experiences that favor the continuance of flexibility. The author also describes in detail a developmental psychobiological systems view that supports a behaviorally and psychologically mediated pathway to evolutionary change in humans and other species. Written in a way that is readable to even the nonspecialist, the text is accompanied by numerous photographs that illuminate and add personal meaning to the written words. Readers will be engaged by the emphasis on the human aspect of the scientific enterprise.


The Nature of Nurture

The Nature of Nurture

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  • Author: Theodore D. Wachs
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • ISBN: 1452246181
  • Category : Psychology
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 208

Current knowledge about the nature of environmental influences upon children's development is synthesized in this volume. Wachs explores such issues as individual differences in response to stress, medical treatment, parenting styles and teaching approaches, and examines such questions as whether there are certain periods in children's development when they may be more sensitive to specific environmental influences than at other times, and whether girls are more sensitive than boys to parental maltreatment.


Genetics and Experience

Genetics and Experience

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  • Author: Research Professor in Behavioural Genetics Robert Plomin
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
  • ISBN:
  • Category : Psychology
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 189

How much of a role do our genes play in our responses to events in our environment? This volume explores this question by examining nature and nurture in terms of their interplay in the development of individual differences. Beginning with a discussion of how contemporary research and theory in genetics and in the environment are evolving towards each other, Plomin explores such topics as genetic contributions to environmental measures both within and outside the family, such as friends and life events. The book concludes with a theory of the genetics of experience.


Wrestling with Behavioral Genetics

Wrestling with Behavioral Genetics

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  • Author: Professor & Joseph M Healey Jr Memorial Endowed Chair Audrey R Chapman
  • Publisher: JHU Press
  • ISBN: 9780801882241
  • Category : Medical
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 336

Wrestling with Behavioral Genetics brings together an interdisciplinary group of contributors -- geneticists, humanists, social scientists, lawyers, and journalists -- to discuss the ethical and social implications of behavioral genetics research. The essays give readers the necessary tools to critically analyze the findings of behavioral geneticists, explore competing interpretations of the ethical and social implications of those findings, and engage in a productive public conversation about them. "What sets this collection apart from others is the way that contributions from a diverse authorship are integrated to form a coherent whole... Doubtless this book will soon become a classic within behavioral genetics and compulsory reading for the non-specialist seeking to understand the basic scientific, social, and ethical issues within the field." -- American Journal of Bioethics "Informative, provocative, and challenging, this book is a must-read for anyone seeking to understand this emerging field." -- Social Theory and Practice "Promoting public conversation about behavioral genetics will be increasingly pertinent to creating enlightened, fair, and representative public policy... The 'wrestling' will go on for some time to come." -- New England Journal of Medicine "This volume presents a fair and honest treatment of the field that is both cautious at times and also optimistic and hopeful." -- Metapsychology Erik Parens is a senior research scholar at the Hastings Center and a visiting professor in the Science, Technology, and Society Program at Sarah Lawrence College. Audrey R. Chapman is a professor of community medicine and Healey Chair in Medical Humanities and Bioethics at the University of Connecticut School of Medicine. Nancy Press is a professor at the School of Nursing and the Department of Public Health at the School of Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University.


Nature's Nurture

Nature's Nurture

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  • Author: Barbara Jane Hotchkiss
  • Publisher:
  • ISBN:
  • Category :
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 564


Library of Congress Subject Headings

Library of Congress Subject Headings

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  • Author: Library of Congress
  • Publisher:
  • ISBN:
  • Category : Subject headings, Library of Congress
  • Languages : en
  • Pages :


2004 Rumelhart Prize Special Issue Honoring John R. Anderson

2004 Rumelhart Prize Special Issue Honoring John R. Anderson

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  • Author: Robert Goldstone
  • Publisher: Psychology Press
  • ISBN: 1135067171
  • Category : Psychology
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 200

This special issue of Cognitive Science honors the research and mentorship contributions of Dr. John R. Anderson, the 2004 David E. Rumelhart Prize recipient whose research has provided the field of cognitive psychology with comprehensive and integrative theories, and has had a practical impact on educational practice in the classroom and on student achievement in learning mathematics. The David E. Rumelhart Prize is awarded annually to an individual or collaborative team making a significant contemporary contribution to the formal analysis of human cognition. For three decades, Dr. Anderson has been engaged in a vigorous research program with the goal of developing a computational theory of mind. The diverse articles in this issue feature work by Dr. Anderson's students, colleagues, and collaborators, illustrating that it is possible to impact education with rigorous stimulation of human cognition.