The Age Factor and Early Language Learning

The Age Factor and Early Language Learning

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  • Author: Marianne Nikolov
  • Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
  • ISBN: 3110218275
  • Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 431

This edited volume documents the state of the art in research into how the age factor interacts with other factors in a variety of educational contexts. The book comprises 17 chapters examining early language learning and teaching in a range of countries in Europe, Asia and North America. Authors discuss main themes in research methodology, curricular and assessment issues, short- and long-term outcomes, the role of individual differences, innovation in teacher education, classroom processes, as well as the impact of the target language. The first two chapters (Nikolov; Edelenbos and Kubanek) overview the main trends in research. Four papers (Curtain;Ofra Inbar-Lourie and Elana Shohamy; Jalkannen; Haenni Hoti, Heinzmann, and M Üller) focus on the assessment of young learners; two authors examine how age impacts on language learning over time (Mu Ñoz; Kasai). Individual differences (motivation, anxiety, aptitude, and socio-economic status) are explored byMihaljevi? Djigunovi?, Mattheoudakis and Alexiou, and Kiss. Innovation is the common theme in chapters written by Wang, Moon, and Peng and Zhang. The last three papers analyze the status of languages (Harris, Enever, Carmel). The book is a must have for teacher educators of pre- and in-service teachers of modern languages to young learners, MA and PhD students in TEFL/TESOL and other languages, researchers and policy makers.


Language Acquisition

Language Acquisition

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  • Author: David Michael Singleton
  • Publisher: Multilingual Matters
  • ISBN: 9781853597572
  • Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 302

The authors examine the evidence relative to the idea that there is an age factor in first & second language acquisition & goes on to explore the various explanations that have been advanced to account for such evidence. Finally, it looks at educational ramifications of the age question.


Age as factor in language acquisition and learning

Age as factor in language acquisition and learning

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  • Author: Frederik Droste
  • Publisher: GRIN Verlag
  • ISBN: 3656429359
  • Category : Social Science
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 25

Seminar paper from the year 2013 in the subject Pedagogy - Pedagogic Sociology, grade: 3,0, University of Vechta, course: Spracherwerbs- und Sprachlehrforschung. Learning and Teaching Languages, language: English, abstract: [...] At the beginning of the semester, the students of the course concerned with the topic of “How Languages are Learned” were asked to give an immediate response to several popular opinions. With the benefit of hindsight, one of the most interesting responses was that I ascribed much importance to the following statement: “The earlier a second language is introduced in school programmes, the greater the likelihood of success in learning.”(cf. L&S, p. xvii), and I am sure that many of my fellow students agreed strongly as well. After having studied several theories and research findings concerning this question – the question whether there is the age in which a second language learner should start to get into contact with a foreign language- I could conclude that this question cannot be answered simply by “yes” or “no” since there is a great number of factors influencing success. Learners vary a lot in terms of their brain’s development, their intelligence, their environment in which a second language is spoken, etc. pp. Furthermore, in order to answer the age-question, it is important to be aware of a certain goal of second language acquisition. Is it pronouncing words like a native-speaker? Is it being able to take part in conversations? These factors and questions should thus also be analyzed. Consequently, I would like to present basic theories about this subject as well as research findings and, as explained above, other factors influencing second language acquisition in the following. The results will be supported by my own way of acquiring a second language and will then form the basis for the consequences educators should consider when planning foreign language lessons. Since we used “How Languages are Learned” by Patsy M. Lightbown and Nina Spada as an introduction to this topic, my elementary knowledge is based on this book. [...]


Age as a Factor in Second Language Acquisition

Age as a Factor in Second Language Acquisition

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  • Author: Jasmina Murad
  • Publisher: GRIN Verlag
  • ISBN: 364031946X
  • Category :
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 73

Seminar paper from the year 2006 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1,0, Free University of Berlin (Institute for English Linguistics), course: Second Language Acquisition, 23 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: One of the central questions that SLA has tried to answer is why learners of a non-native language (L2) evince such a high degree of interindividual variation in their final attainment relative to the L2 components and skills they have acquired. In order to offer a satisfactory response to this key issue, SLA researchers have posited the existence of a set of individual factors of a very different nature, such as aptitude, motivation, attitude, personality, and intelligence, among others, that might explain such variation. However, one of the most obvious potential explanations for the lack of success of L2 learners compared to L1 learners is that the acquisition of a foreign language begins at a later age than that of the mother tongue does. Thus, it has been prevalently assumed that age itself is a predictor of second language proficiency. This paper focuses on research which has been carried out on maturational constraints for SLA and hereby tries to find answers to various questions concerning age as a factor in SLA.


The Age Factor in Second Language Acquisition

The Age Factor in Second Language Acquisition

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  • Author: David Michael Singleton
  • Publisher: Multilingual Matters
  • ISBN: 9781853593017
  • Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 180

This book takes a hard look at some of the assumptions that are customarily made concerning the role of age in second language acquisition. The evidence and arguments the contributors present run counter to the notion that an early start in second language learning is of itself either absolutely sufficient or necessary for the attainment of native-like mastery of a second language. Another theme of the book is a doubt that there is a particular stage of maturity beyond which language learning is no longer fully possible. In short, the book presents a challenge to those who take it as given that second language learning is inevitably different in its essential nature from language acquisition in the childhood years and that second language knowledge acquired beyond the critical period is in all circumstances and in all respects doomed to fossilize at a non-native-like level.


Biologische Grundlagen der Sprache

Biologische Grundlagen der Sprache

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  • Author: Eric H. Lenneberg
  • Publisher:
  • ISBN: 9783518078174
  • Category :
  • Languages : de
  • Pages : 597

Enthält: Anhang: Die formale Natur der Sprache / Noam Chomsky. - Die Geschichte der Ansichten über die biologische Grundlage der Sprache / Otto Marx.


The Age Factor in Second Language Acquisition

The Age Factor in Second Language Acquisition

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  • Author: Carina Kröger
  • Publisher: GRIN Verlag
  • ISBN: 3668356378
  • Category : Foreign Language Study
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 27

Seminar paper from the year 2008 in the subject English - Pedagogy, Didactics, Literature Studies, grade: 1,3, University of Cologne (Englisch), course: Problems in Second Language Acquisition, language: English, abstract: This term paper will focus on the discussion of the putative maturational constraints for second language acquisition. The age factor is an aspect of first and second language acquisition research which has engendered very much controversy. In the discussion about age-related effects on language acquisition, one can find disagreements as to both the facts and to their possible explanations. The different points of view range from the notion that young learners are in all aspects of language learning more efficient and achieve better results, to the contrary position that older learners are the better learners. In this paper, four of the positions concerning the age factor, which have been listed by Singleton, will be presented because they provide a good overview of the different views on this topic and the respective evidence belonging to them. Many of the differences in the results of various studies are due to the differences in how the results are elicited. The experimental design plays an important role for the outcomes.


The age factor in second language acqisition

The age factor in second language acqisition

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  • Author: Felix B.
  • Publisher: GRIN Verlag
  • ISBN: 3656820023
  • Category : Literary Collections
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 16

Seminar paper from the year 2010 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1,3, Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald, course: Language Acquisition, language: English, abstract: Human beings have the capacity to acquire not only a mother tongue, but also second or third languages. Consequently it is not unusual that we find much more bilingual and multilingual individuals than monolingual in our world today. Broad levels of population deal with different languages in addition to their mother tongue and this knowledge is more and more seen as normal in nearly every area of life. The potential for acquiring second languages seems to last throughout one’s lifetime but depends on many variables. According to Muriel Saville-Troike individual learners acquire second languages differently in consequence of influencing factors like age, sex, aptitude, motivation, cognitive style, personality or learning strategies. Age as an effective factor in second language acquisition is thereby one of the most controversy variables and recurring themes. The question of whether, and how, age affects this acquiring process has been a major issue in second language research since its establishment. This paper should examine the relationship of the age to second language acquisition. Therefore a number of several studies provide different point of views and some of them will be specified in this paper. The structure is based on the book ‘Language Acquisition: The Age Factor’ by David Singleton and Lisa Ryan (2004) which was also used as main source. In conclusion a critical review on the several positions will be carried out to see whether there is an optimal age to start acquiring a second language or not and whether a critical period hypothesis in second language acquisition exists or not.


Age in Second Language Acquisition

Age in Second Language Acquisition

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  • Author: Birgit Harley
  • Publisher: Multilingual Matters Limited
  • ISBN:
  • Category : Ability, Influence of age on
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 168

This book aims to carry out an examination of empirical studies in light of the various theoretical perspectives on the relationship between age and ease of language learning. The analysis leads to a number of conclusions concerning the need for future research on specific aspects of L2 acquisition by older and younger learners.


Beyond Age Effects in Instructional L2 Learning

Beyond Age Effects in Instructional L2 Learning

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  • Author: Simone E. Pfenninger
  • Publisher: Multilingual Matters
  • ISBN: 1783097647
  • Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 271

This book constitutes a holistic study of how and why late starters surpass early starters in comparable instructional settings. Combining advanced quantitative methods with individual-level qualitative data, it examines the role of age of onset in the context of the Swiss multilingual educational system and focuses on performance at the beginning and end of secondary school, thereby offering a long-term view of the teenage experience of foreign language learning. The study scrutinised factors that seem to prevent young starters from profiting from their extended learning period and investigated the mechanisms that enable late beginners to catch up with early beginners relatively quickly. Taking account of contextual factors, individual socio-affective factors and instructional factors within a single longitudinal study, the book makes a convincing case that age of onset is not only of minimal relevance for many aspects of instructed language acquisition, but that in this context, for a number of reasons, a later onset can be beneficial.